Iranian pistachios deep view
Iran is located in semi-arid region of the earth and water supply has always been one of the concerns of Iranian pistachio producers.
Over the past half century, underground water levels have dropped significantly in Iranian pistachios garden, last year’s rainfall in Iran totaled 154 mm, while the average rainfall in Iran over the past 50 years was 226 mm.
Also, the average rainfall in the past 11 years was 195 mm, which clearly shows that Iranian pistachios orchard has been experiencing a significant drop in rainfall over the past eleven years, which has led to lower ground water levels.
In some places like Kerman, one of the most important centers for pistachio production in Iran, the average rainfall in the last 50 years was 122 mm, but last year only 51.3 mm of rainfall in the province precipitated, causing the withering few gardens in some province .
This year the rainfall was incredibly good; in the whole Iran 323 mm and in Kerman 161 mm rain,
It is noteworthy that rain is still possible.
This has been a great pleasure for pistachio farmers and also has led to an increase in groundwater levels.
2-Iranian pistachios Bearing And non Bearing Area :
According to the latest official statistics of the Ministry of Agriculture, the bearing amount of pistachio garden in Iran is currently about 376,000 hectares, and the amount of non-bearing gardens of pistachios is about 102,000 hectares.
This increase in gardens was mostly found in places other than Kerman, especially in provinces that have rainfall and good soil and climate conditions.
The statistics on “bearing and non-bearing” of Iranian pistachio trees in 2009 and 2016 were as follows.
Bearing and non-bearing pistachio farms in Iran (hectare)
As shown in table above in 2009, 64 percent of Iran’s bearing pistachios were in Kerman, while seven years later in 2016 it reached to 53%. Also, the share of non-bearing pistachio in Kerman has risen from 24.5 percent in 2009 to 13.4 percent in 2016. These statistics clearly shows that the concentration of pistachio planting has been transmitted from Kerman to the other parts of Iran.
3-Cold and hail:
In the past year, cold has two effects on pistachio performance
Different pistachio trees for proper fruiting require a certain number of cold weather hours in winter, while in the last year, in some areas, this did not require adequate amounts in the winter, which reduced crop production and caused a large loss of Iran pistachio sprouts.
This year, pistachio trees have experienced better conditions, and most of pistachio trees reached to their cold weather hours’ needs.
Frost and hail:
during the spring of last year, when pistachio trees blossomed, over some nights temperature dropped below zero in many areas, caused many blossoms to fall, result of those night was decline in Iranian pistachios production.
Also, spring hail problems were also other factors that caused the blossoms to fall in some parts.
Fortunately this year, most of the areas were not frozen.
But hail caused a lot of damage in some of the important areas of Kerman province, more damage caused to the Fandoghi type of pistachio.
4- US economic sanctions
Last year, the United States imposed the most severe sanctions against Iran. The sanctions do not include food, but because of fears of possible US punishment, most foreign banks cut their ties with Iran and refuse to cooperate and transfer money to Iran. As a result, exporters encountered some problems, while Iranian pistachio exporters received their money mainly through exchanges, intermediaries, other countries or importing goods instead of pistachios.
US sanctions have partly affected the operation of sending Iranian pistachios to places like Canada and has increased the cost of sending pistachios to these markets,
But many countries, such as the UAE, which are available by small ships, continue to operate their regular services; ships to destinations in China and India, which are the main targets of Iran’s pistachios, are still ongoing.
A few days ago, Iran’s Chabahar port was exempted from sanctions by the United States government, which is good news for Iranian pistachio exporters, this port will provide special services to the Indian market, which will be valuable for Iranian exporters.
There were other problems with shipping last year,
Truck drivers strike. Last year, truck drivers struck several times.
This caused the delivery of some orders to be delayed, fortunately, the current situation is normal.
Also, many destinations, such as Europe and Russia, are also available through land transport. In general,
US sanctions on land and sea transport in Iran have not had a significant impact on Iran’s pistachio exports.
Iranian pistachio exporters have been mainly involved with domestic problems.
During the past three years, the Central Bank of Iran has repeatedly changed its export regulations and directives, which has caused widespread problems for exporters of pistachios over the past year.
The good news is that a number of pistachio producers, during a meeting with government officials last week . They succeeded in making changes to the export-related instructions to make pistachio exports simpler.
Probably, these changes will increase the speed of Iranian pistachio exports to the rest of the world.
7- Iranian currency exchange rate
The exchange rate of the Iranian currency (Rials) against the dollar has fluctuated over the past year . This caused confusion among exporters and farmers to determine the price of pistachios . Therefore couldn’t plan to have long-term export of pistachios.
8- Iranian pistachios ending season stock
A large number of farmers refused to sell all their pistachios crop because of Constant exchange rate fluctuations.
The pistachio harvest season will come in 3 months . Evidences shows that Iran pistachios will have good amount of crop for the new season.
So Farmers now are supplying the rest of their pistachio products to the market , which has increased the supply of pistachios and a declined its prices for now.
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Iranian pistachios Prospects for boosting production for the coming new season
In recent years, several factors such as water scarcity, Lack of pistachio trees cold weather need in winter. Also, freezing of trees at flowering time, reduced the production of Iranian pistachios. But the most important factor in reducing the production of Iranian pistachios has been the reduction of rainfall and shortage of water resources in recent years . Good news is this year game changed . In the spring of this year 2019, Iran has had incredible growth in rainfall . just one week raind was equal to last 3 years rain.
In some areas, for one or two days of the spring, the temperature dropped below zero degrees at night and causing damage to some Iranian pistachios trees , Most damage reported for the Fandoghi pistachio trees.
Report for 2017-2018 pistachio
According to reports from different regions of Iran ,It is estimated that Iranian pistachios tree yield will be more than 50% of their production crop capacity this year(2019) And like 2 years ago, it is expected that Iran will have about 250,000 tons of pistachio
The global production of pistachios is expected to hit more than 165,000 tons last year from 2019 to 2018 to 814,000 tons. Turkey and the United States hit the record in pistachio production, thus offsetting a sharp decline in Iranian pistachios output. With a significant increase in supply, global consumption is expected to reach unprecedented levels of 743,000 tons. However, global exports may drop by 50,000 over the past year due to a shortage of Iranian pistachios .
Last year was bad for Iranian pistachios but good news will com.
Iranian pistachios production has been 173,000 tons less than the previous year (2017-2018), reaching 52,000 tons in 2018-2019.
According to the Iranian Pistachio Association; the unheard-of heat of the spring season in Kerman province caused a severe fall of flower buds in this important region of Iranian pistachios production. Iran’s exports to China, the European Union and Turkey are expected to drop from 150 thousand tons last year (2017-2018) to 50 thousand tons in 2018-2019
Following an increase in pistachio cultivation in the United States, pistachio production in the United States amounted to 450,000 tones. It comes from the Pistachio Executive Committee, which records pistachio recording and sales data annually. US exports to China, the European Union and Canada increased.
By reducing the competitiveness of Iran, it is forecasted that US exports to other countries will reach to 250 thousand tons this year.
Turkey’s pistachio production reached 240 thousand tons this year. A large percentage of the Turkish product is consumed inside the country. So there will be no significant increase in exports.
The pistachio imports to China are projected to decline by around 100,000 tons this year due to reduced exports of pistachios from Iran. Despite China’s new customs tariffs on American pistachio,
Exports of pistachios to China will increase, followed by a similar trend.
The European Union:big buy Iranian pistachio VS Us pistachio
The European Union (28 countries) is the largest target for the export of tree nuts from the United States, with 32% of the total US produced in 2017,Also Its big in buy Iranian pistachio.
The share of East Asian countries was 27% in imports of tree nuts and 12% in the Middle East.
In 2017, the value of exports of nuts to the European Union reached $ 2.7 billion;
Almond (dry in shell and kernel) $ 1.5 billion, dry pistachios ($ 44.6 million) and walnuts worth $ 344 million.
Within the European Union, the most important destinations for American nuts are as follows: Spain, Germany and the Netherlands, accounting for 63% of total imports into Europe.
The United States is the largest supplier of tree nuts to Europe. In 2017, the share of the source in the European market was 37%.
Turkey has a second share of the European market (20%), followed by Vietnam, Chile, and India, and almond is still the main commodity, with a share of the total import of nuts to the European Union of 22%.
The main buyers of tree nuts: food processing and nuts industry
Almonds are used more as an ingredient in the production of marzipan, nougat, toron (spanish specialties for Christmas), other sweets and pastries. European growers use pistachios and walnuts for use in ice cream and confectionery.
The European Nutrition and Nutrition Industry is constantly striving to offer new products and methods for consuming more nuts.
However, it is not easy to introduce new products in traditional markets like Spain and Italy.
In these markets, consumers often prefer familiar food products.
Because of the large European marketplace, the focus of food retailers has been to develop strategies for the production of new value added products to sell more commodities in bulk.
They also try to showcase the nutritional value and benefits of tree fruit through new promotional campaigns and packaging
Expansion of trade in the EU market
Since the EU is the main destination for exporting tree beans, American exporters are always looking to expand their trade with these countries.
Trade fairs are a golden opportunity to know about this market and meet potential importers. Some of the major trade fairs in Europe that deal with tree plants are:
Tree nuts fair in European union
|France, Paris||21-25 oct2018||SIAL|
|Germany, Berlin||6-8 Feb 2019||FRUIT LOGISTICA|
|Germany, Nuremberg||13-16 Feb 2019||BIOFACH|
|Germany, Cologne||5-9 Oct 2019||ANUGA|
|Germany, Frankfurt||27-29 Oct 2018||HEALTH INGREDIENTS|
|Switzerland ,Geneva||17-19 May 2019||VITAFOODS|
|Spain, Barcelona||17-28 Jun 2019||SNACKEX|
|France, Paris||3-5 Dec 2019||FOOD INGREDIENTS|
|Spain, Barcelona||20-23 Apr 2020|
To exporters who have recently entered the food business, it is recommended to refer to the FAIRS reports (including standards and regulations for the import of food and agriculture to the European Union) for more information on EU food regulations and familiarizing them with market opportunities.
American activists in the European Union
Associations such as the California Almond Alliance (ABC), The American Pistachio Association (APG) and the Cervical Cancer Commission (CWC) are always seeking to develop business strategies in the European Union market.
These business associations or industry activists, in collaboration with agricultural services offices throughout Europe, are always seeking to increase the market opportunities for tree vegetables.
Pistachios in Italy are a traditional product, especially in Sicily (Bronte Region), which supplies 90% of Italian pistachio.
In recent years, pistachio production has also expanded to some extent in other areas in Sicily and Basilicata.
In these areas newer and more efficient gardens are built.
Bianca (or Napoleon) is the main pistachio in Italy, which is usually harvested in September.
Since 2004, the European Commission has awarded the Brontot Pistachio with a PDO (protected designation of origin), distinguishing it from other varieties of pistachios in the world.
Spanish consumer interest in pistachios is on the rise, as well as pistachio production in Spain, which is undergoing rapid growth.
It is true that pistachios in Spain are not considered to be a traditional product, but high profitability and high demand for this product in the past 10 years has caused the pistachio crop area to rise substantially in Spain.
The production of domestic pistachios is still low, but it is also expanding.
The Castile-La Mancha region has the highest increase in pistachios and production. The expansion of pistachio cultivation is a long-term investment that is expected to continue to increase.
Pistachio production within the EU does not cover domestic demand, so a significant amount of pistachios from Iran and the United States are imported into the European Union.
Pistachios are consumed in various forms in Europe, Use of dry in shell (with skin) as nuts to the consumption of pistachio kernel in the restaurants, cakes, sweets and other food industries and green pistachio powder and pistachio paste in ice cream.
The European Union is one of the main importers of pistachios in the world. Iranian pistachio and the United States pistachio have the biggest share of European pistachio market.
These two countries together have more than 90% of the total pistachio imports to Europe in their hand.
In the European Union market, buy Iranian pistachio is the main rival of the United States.
Iranian pistachio flavor is still better than American pistachio, and this is the most important advantage of Iranian pistachios ( Table 2 ) .
EU-28 Imports of Pistachios by Origin in MT (In-shell Basis) Ton
Country of origin
Exports of pistachios from the EU are very small. The main purposes of pistachio produced in the 28 EU countries in 2016 were the Mellá and Monte Carlo autonomous cities of Spain (Table 3).
|EU-28 Exports of Pistachios by Destination in MT (In-shell )|
|Country of origin|
Do not give nuts and Iranian pistachios to dogs!
Anyone who looks at the picture above may have a craving for Iranian pistachio and nuts and likes to take a handful of it; but this is only for humans and some animals, for dogs it is nothing but poison.
It’s really important to know what hurts your dog and what is good for it.
Some low-skilled and inexperienced owners give their dogs nuts, which will make the poor animal suffer from digestive problems and poisoning.
In this article, we plan to investigate variety of nuts and snacks and tell you how toxic they are released into the dog’s body. Stay with us
Walnut poisoning is one of the most common diseases in dogs.
The average cost for walnut poisoning treatment is 419 $ and for stomach discomfort is about 72 $.
Always protect your pet against nuts and Keep nuts away from your dog
Black walnut contains a poison called jug lone, which is known as a vascular disease in a horse but does not cause it in dogs
. Eating a black walnut can cause stomach discomfort or bowel obstruction (ileus) in dogs.
Furthermore, moldy black walnut may have tremor genic mycotoxins which can cause seizures or nerve symptoms in dogs.
Dogs love the taste of almonds , Almonds are not poisonous but Dogs cannot easily digest it and can causes stomach discomfort.
American walnuts also contain jug lone poison that can cause lameness in the horse. this nut in dogs can cause bowel and stomach discomfort.
Hazelnuts are rich in fats, that makes stomach problems and may cause pancreatitis. In addition, This
nuts contain an unknown type of toxic (poison) that can lead to neural disorders.
English walnut causes stomach Pain (abdominal pain) or even bowel obstruction in the dog’s body. Such as black and Japanese walnuts.
Iranian Pistachios are rich in fat and makes stomach pain. also, repeated eating Iranian pistachios can cause pancreatitis in your dog
So protect your dog with keeping away Iranian pistachios and nuts from them.
how about Iranian pistachio and nuts covered in chocolate?
Nuts covered in chocolate or other candy coatings are even more dangerous.
Chocolate is toxic to dogs. On the whole, even raw nuts seem to be unwise food choices for dogs, even if they are given in moderation as treats
But as you know, it is very useful for human’s body and heart health and, and we will offer you a daily consumption of some Iranian pistachios for a better life.
how about Iranian pistachio and nuts covered in chocolate?
Nuts and Iranian pistachios covered in chocolate or other candy coatings are even more dangerous. Chocolate is toxic to dogs. On the whole, even raw nuts seem to be unwise food choices for dogs, even if they are given in moderation as treats
Although Iranian pistachios are harmful to dogs, but as you know,
it is very useful for human’s body and heart health and, and we will offer you a daily consumption of some Iranian pistachios for a better life.
In this Article we talk about Iran pistachio and world pistachio.
The United States and the Islamic Republic of Iran are world leaders in the production and cultivation of pistachios. Republic of Turkey, and Syrian Arabic Republic is ranked in the production of pistachios after the United States and Iran.
Countries like Afghanistan, Argentina, Australia, Greece, Jordan, Italy, Madagascar, Spain, Tunisia, china, Australia, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan are also producing pistachios,
but most of their products are consumed locally, or partially are exported to countries in Their respective areas.
In case of pistachios, producer countries are generally not thought to import,
but still statistics shows the United States and Iran are both importing.
as we know Iran re-exporting of their imported pistachio after some processing on it.
Major importer countries of pistachio.
The largest import markets for pistachios are Hong Kong, the People’s Republic of China, Canada, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands and Russia.
Not all countries have direct import from pistachio producing countries. However, re-shipping may occur for these reasons:
1. Strategic Business Objectives,
2. quality issues, the escape of domestic and foreign regulations
The largest exporter / importer -non-producing of pistachios
Hong Kong, as the largest pistachio re-importer, has a key position in global pistachio trade,
Hong Kong is the gateway to China, and also re-exporting it from china to other countries.
Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg and the United Arab Emirates also act in the same way and are in the next positions.
World production of pistachios exceeded 524,000 tons in 2015-2016, up 24% compared to the same period in the past 10 years, 2005-2006, now production of pistachio reached to 1.1 million tones, it shoes 3.29% yearly increase from 1997.
In 2016 global production, Iran produced 210,000 tons (40% share), after that Turkey with 145,000 tons (28% share) and the United States with 127,000 tons (24% share). These countries, as the largest pistachio producers, supply about 92% of the world’s total pistachio.
Iran’s Global Ranking in Pistachio Production
According to statistics released by the FAO, the United States produces 406,000 tons of pistachios per year, the world’s first largest producer of this product.
Iran is ranked second in production of 315,000 tons of pistachios.
Iran’s closest rival is Turkey, with 170,000 tons’ production.
China is predicted to be a serious threat to Iran and the United States with the policy of boosting its production
and its Production has tripled in 4 years in the coming years.
Requirements for Iran pistachio tree growth
1- Above sea level
only some Areas of the country are suitable for planting and growing pistachios in
terms of weather and environment, which has very cold winters and hot and long summer.
And Usually these conditions are provided at an altitude of 800-900 meters above sea level.
In Kerman province, Iran pistachio trees also planted at the height of 1850 meters.
Today,Iran pistachio cultivation and production are carried out at lower altitudes and produced a good crop.
suitable temperature for cultivating this plant is 45 ° C in summer and 20 ° C in winter.
Pistachio is susceptible to late spring frost, and the temperature of freezing and even close to it will cause a lot of damage.
However, the summer heat is necessary for the growth and pistachio kernels development and should be enough.
Generally,Iran pistachio trees are located at latitude of 42-24 ° N, but the cultivation of Iran pistachio trees in Iran is 37-27 ° N
The pistachio tree can be easily planted in most soils of different tissues (texture) and genus
And in calcareous and passionate soils its tolerance is better than other fruit trees.
But in shallow, hard and rocky soils it does not produce good crop.
The best Iran pistachio soil is sandy clay soils The greater depth and the more uniform, makes pistachio trees grow better and faster and give more iran pistachio.
In assessing the quality of irrigation water, three important issues have to be considered
1-If water irrigation has less than 0.7 ds / m EC(Electrical Conductivity) and the its SAR
(Sodium adsorption ratio) was less than 3.5 0.7 ds /m.There is no limit to using this kind of water irrigation.
2-If water EC (Electrical Conductivity) was greater than 2 (ds / m), it will accumulate in salts, may cause accumulation of salts. For this reason, using of these waters will be restricted.
Irrigation water witch its SAR (Sodium adsorption ratio) was greater than 7, cause reduce water penetration in the soil. In this case, the imbalance between calcium –magnesium and sodium causes Particle dispersion.
Importance of proper management of irrigation
Iran located in the dry and semi-arid region of the world and the average annual rainfall is 250 mm, which is one third of the world’s average rainfall.
in other hand, the evaporation rate of the free surface of water and soils in Iran is equal to 2 meters and is equal to three times (triple)the average evaporation in the world.
Water requirement of plants directly related to rainfall and evapotranspiration, and the need for water increases with lower rainfall and higher plant evapotranspiration.
Irrigation experts, and users of the water and agriculture sector believe with decrease in water resources led us to the use of irrigation methods with best efficiency,
One of the ways to increase irrigation efficiency is to use ways that need less water with the rate of performance that is not significantly altered by reducing water consumption.
Generally, the water requirement of Iran pistachio seedlings is about 4000 cubic meters per hectare per year (for a 4-5-year-old seedlings),
and the same is recommended for one-year-old seedlings irrigation,
due to the fact that the pistachio plant in the First year,it has just been transported to the main place and it has little growth, so their actual demand is much less than 4 thousand cubic meters, and even less than a thousand cubic meters per hectare in the first year.
Since the role of water in life is very important, it can be saved by advanced and modern methods in the agricultural industry for irrigation, and even can provide more crops with better quality.
we all must help the life of future generations.
For get Iranian pistachio price pleas contact us:
Iranian pistachio insight
This year was a bad year for Iranian pistachio for various reasons such as:
- Inappropriate weather conditions
- Water shortage
- Inappropriate use of pesticides in previous years Across Iran,
there was a severe shortage of crop production, Estimates of this year are about 45-55 thousand tons and it’s almost the same from last year in stock,
so total available Iranian pistachio for 2018 is about 90 to 100 tones.
The quality of pistachios, especially the Fandoqi variety, is significantly better in compare with previous years, due to the low amount of each tree’s crop, pistachio trees had the proper nutrition.
Trade and export
Due to the sharp fluctuations in the dollar exchange rate and the fact that Iran’s pistachios are mostly exported, pistachio holders will not have much incentive to supply this product this year.
Consequently, exporters faced lots of risks, As
- Low supply
- High fluctuations of the dollar exchange rate
- Lack of proper financial
- Government sudden decisions in the area of currency and customs
- transport and insurance problems After new sanctions,
- truck strike strikes over the past few months
Along with low supply, there is no significant demand on the market, and the atmosphere in these days of the market is not good.
And businessmen are either observing the market or are happy about sudden profits or discomfort from overnight losses in these extreme fluctuations.
about 45-55 thousand tons and it’s almost the same from last year in stock.
so total available Iranian pistachio for 2018 is about 90 to 100 thousand tones.
Next year 2019 Iran pistachio crop forecast
The weather forecast indicates that Iran’s year 2019 will have a good rainfall,
Pistachio tree buds were very low in the last spring 2018, as a result, we saw very little pistachios crop.
A review of the status of pistachio trees promise lots of blooms in next year, we hope to have a good crop for next year.
Forecast of better Iran pistachio crop for next year
The head of the Agriculture Organization in northern province of Kerman talked about Iran pistachio:
“We expect that the next year will be a good year for Iranian pistachio producers.”
Abbas Saeedi, at the ISNA booth, on Fourth Press and Media Exhibition of Kerman Province, pointing to:
climate change over the past few years and said “climate change is too tangible”
He also mentioned “Climate changing has increased the temperature and reduced rainfall”
“Last year was a hard year for farming and animal husbandry in Kerman province, where more than 85% of the province faced severe drought”.
Kerman situation in pistachio farms
Head of Agriculture Organization of the northern province, considered Kerman province as one of the main agricultural center in Iran.
He pointed to the past crisis last year in the agricultural sector of the province, adding that:
“the excessive heat in April and the fluctuations temperatures in February unfortunately caused more than 90 percent of the province’s Iranian pistachios to be wasted”. And Due to climate change only 10000 tons’ pistachio left from 90000.
As a result of the untimely cold weather on 18, 19 and 20 April last year, about 18,000 tons of the Walnut spoiled.
Unfortunately, the temperature that increased in July and August also disappeared about 30,000 tons of the province’s date, while the drought caused the drying up and There were a lot of Qanats in the province.
Due to the last year’s April coldness About 18,000 tons of province walnuts were spoiled and, unfortunately, the temperature increase in July and August also destroyed about 30 thousand tons of province dates.
He spoke about the impact of climate change on the Animal Husbandry sector and said:
“climate change and droughts caused huge damage to the livestock and Animal Husbandry”.
Saeedi said :
Next year, Kerman province will rank first in pistachio production.
also said: “We expect the next year to be a fairly good year for pistachio producers”.
Iran pistachio green kernel production and consumption history
The history of the production and consumption of Iran pistachio green kernel was modestly known at around 800 to 700 years, and was consumed in Europe, especially in Germany. Since the Arabs seized Sicily The cultivation of pistachios in the Bronte region of Cecil become common, and its green kernel was sent to Germany.
Always a small amount of green kernels, about 250 tons per year, went from Sicily to Germany. It was also used in very luxurious foods such as sausages, banger and expensive snacks. But most Germans did not even know pistachios until the 60s;
The Arabian kernel was taken to Sicily?
The cultivation of pistachios was carried out by Muslims to Sicily. two local types were sent to Europe as a green kernel.
Today, there are two local pistachio cultivars, which are still exported to Europe in the form of a green kernel.
Its average annual production is 200 to 250 tons, all of which are produced in the mountain hillside of Mount Etna in Bronte Italy.
Apart from the Cecil Green kernel, since the early 60s, the only other pistachio exported to Europe in the form of a green kernel was a small amount of Iran pistachios in the city of Qazvin in Iran, which was about 40 tons of green kernel a year ago.
At the same time, Afghanistan produced about 100 tons of green kernel from its own pistachio.
It was bought by traders and Iranian companies, including the Iranian pistachio export company from Afghanistan, and they were peeling in Tehran with German machines and exporting them to Germany with a certificate from Iran.
So, by the beginning of the 60s, Sicily was the only supplier of green kernel, but since then, the products of Qazvin and Afghanistan have also been added.
How did the production of green kernel grow?
Before Iran extensively entered the work in the 1990s, as the demand grew, the Turks began to pick Iran Pistachio Kal, which was a green kernel, and exported it to Europe.
Turks did not use the green pistachiokernel for their sweet ones?
No, they only produced green Kernel for export. That’s why the Green Pistachio Kernel was taken to other markets.
For the first time around 85 or 86 AD, the Turks began to process pistachios and sent a kernel load to Spain. In 1987, they sent more to France and Spain.
The price of the green kernel at that time
In 1986, the price of green Iran pistachios was high, But the average Iranian pistachio price of the kernels was about six mark (worth of every German mark was almost half a euro). The price of pistachios was 2 to 3 marks.
At that time, the green kernel of Sicily was traded in about 36 German mark. In fact, due to the disappearance of Sicilian products at one-year, the green kernel market suffered from a severe shortage.
Is it possible in Iran to produce the green kernel extensively? Or must it be a special kind?
In Iran we do not need specific pistachio tree. Now any kind of pistachios will be sold.
Where’s the biggest green kernel market in Iran? Germany is the largest consumer of Iranian green kernel with a huge disparity in consumption; But up to now, about 70 percent of the green kernel was consumed in Germany, 20 percent to France, and 10 percent to other European destinations.
What is the reason for the popularity of the green kernel in Germany?
In addition to Germany’s historical record on the use of green kernels,
being luxury and expensive for green kernel in Germany is an advantage.
Once in a fair, a famous restaurant how came from Paris said:
“I buy green pistachio kernel for 50 euros, but the wholesale price is 28 euros.”
“Why cannot we get around € 35 straight from you?”
I said: “you are a restaurant; why do you want to buy a 50 euros’ item?”
He said: “there are some people know that the green pistachio is too expensive, if it is seen in sausages or meat or other foods, they say that this meat is also good because the price of the kernel is several times more than the cost of meat.”
So customer say the casseroles that has the green kernel inside, it is sure to have the rest of the material of the best quality.
Apart from the hundred-year history of consuming green kernel in expensive foods, in Germany, which eat expensive food and they are rich, the story of the green kernel is actually this;
Not only in the casseroles, but in everywhere else the green kernel is consumed, it’s more to decorate and represent that product; it means I am, no matter what taste I have!
The green kernel does not have too strong tastes to recognize it in the German casseroles, it just makes it look and it means the casseroles is luxury.
Is consumption different in Germany than in Japan?
Yes, Japanese consumption is only in cakes and sweets, as well as chopped on a luxury restaurant, but in Germany it is actually consumed inside sausages or powder for ice cream. Japan does not have ice cream and sausage with green kernel.
Frenches are famous chefs, why not green kernel so much gone to France?
Because if you do not roast Iran pistachio , there is not a strong tasty product.
The French are more interested in the taste of the food than its appearance or beauty. for That reason, use of the green kernel in Germany is high, because of its color.
In Germany, you cannot buy and sell fresh products with the combination of chemical colors.
For example, in ice cream, green Iran pistachio powder is used for green ice cream. You can only use color in dry food. There is nothing green except in the case of Iran pistachios.
Some say there are some very wealthy people in the Chinese market and like pistachio?
Probably those Chinese were who had traveled to Europe, particularly Germany, and became familiar with the green kernel and consumption types
Such people were still attracted to European luxury brands in bags and shoes and perfumes, not products like green pistachio kernel.
If the growth of this rich Chinese consumer class continues, China can be considered a great consumer of the green kernel in the future.
Whether the green kernel is picked up early, does it also reduce the risk of Aflatoxin?
Very much. Before Iran pistachios crack, and become open mouth, they do not have aflatoxin.
Is the cost of processing and producing for green kernel is more than Iran pistachios ordinary kernel?
How do you compare the cost of producing and processing two products, the price of one of which is three times the market? Certainly the cost of producing of expensive goods has been greater.
For example, the processing of green Iran pistachio kernel in the current time requires eye color and human labor force. While the pistachio does not have such a cost.
For example, a workshop that generates 400 tons of green kernel per year, keeps roughly 200 workers throughout the year, in spite of the open-mouth of pistachio processing, which can be processed with one-tenth of that manpower.
Using Iran pistachio in pregnancy
There is 14 important reason for eating Iran pistachio in pregnancy
All Iran pistachio mentioned in this article meant to be raw and unsalted because for pregnant woman salty Iran pistachio is a poison and can put their health and their children at risk.
We all know that Iran pistachios are useful and nutrients for the body. Also its useful for the health of the fetus in pregnancy, but in addition to the benefits of pista consumption during pregnancy, there are some disadvantages that are mentioned in this report / article
Iran Pistachio has a lot of Medicinal virtues that preventing cardiovascular disease and has an important role in reducing blood fats. But having Iron in this product makes it the best food for people with anemia and we advise to eat pista in pregnancy.
Minerals found in pistachios
Generally, each ounce of Iran pista (about 30 grams) has 6 grams of protein, 3 grams of fiber, 12.7 grams of total fat and 160 calories.
About 20 pista can supply all the iron and folate , calcium and potassium needed by a pregnant woman and her baby.
14 reasons for having Iranian pistachios in pregnancy
Iranian pistachios and cure of anemia that came from pregnancy
Anemia is the most common problem for young women during pregnancy. Raw Iran pistachios are rich in iron, calcium, potassium and copper, and can accelerate the absorption of folate in the body and increase red blood cells. With a daily intake of several Iranian pistachios, you will not get iron deficiency or anemia during pregnancy
2.Pistachio and Inflammation
Iran Pistachios have anti-inflammatory virtues, and help pregnant women who are upset with joints pain or swelling
3.Pistachio and muscle
Because Iran pistachios are rich in protein, they are beneficial for the growth of the muscles and tissues of the fetus
4. Eating pistachios during pregnancy can reduce cholesterol.
The Iranian pistachio contains unsaturated fatty acids, which can reduce bad cholesterol and increase the level of good cholesterol in the blood. Reducing bad levels of cholesterol means keeping your body’s arteries open and do the perfect Heart blood flow. It also increases lipids during pregnancy.
5.Iran pistachios and immune system
Iran pistachio is a rich source of antioxidants, such as polyphenolic compounds, vitamin E and carotene, which boosts the immune system.Quoting from Dr. Penny Chris’s Research: “Our studies have shown that pistachio is a healthy diet for the heart that reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease in humans. Iran pistachio is rich in antioxidant lutein.
Lutein is usually found in green vegetables and brightly colored fruits. Pistachio among the nuts is on a higher level in terms of nutrition.
The walls of the carotid artery, the main blood supply to the head and neck, thicken and harden with age, and doctors check the thickening for early signs of vascular disease. In this study, 144 adults with early-stage hardening of the arteries took a placebo, 20 mg of lutein, or the lutein plus 20 mg of lycopene per day.
After 12 months, while there were no changes in the placebo group compared to the start of the study, carotid artery thickness decreased by 0.035 mm in the lutein group, and by 0.073 mm in the lutein and lycopene group.
Also, beneficial blood concentrations of lutein and lycopene increased significantly.
Doctors said that to protect against hardening of the arteries, lutein appears to be effective, and lutein together with lycopene may be more effective.
6.Pistachio and joint pain
Iran pistachio has anti-inflammatory nature that protects you from swelling and joint pain.
7.Pistachios and infections
Vitamins A and E in Iranian pistachios create antioxidant feature that prevent infections during pregnancy
8.pistachio and Constipation
Pregnant women usually suffer from constipation and Iran pistachios can help them as a fiber rich source.
9-Pistachios and fetus development
Iran pistachio is a rich source of omega-3 fat. Omega-3 consumption in pregnancy helps to grow fetal brain
10.Pistachios and eyes
Iran Pistachio is useful for the health of the eyes because of having carotenoids .
11.Pistachio use is beneficial for nausea during pregnancy
12.Eating pistachios during pregnancy can help you to have a healthy skin.
13.Raw Pistachio is the best food for postpartum
In some traditional medicine texts talked about food with mixture of sugar, pistachio and Cardamom combinations. In ancient times in Iran, grandmothers had been preparing this for Women who have just given birth to a baby to give them boost so that they would gain strength with using this potion and would quickly finish their recovery.
To make this potion, which can also help boost girls’ strength during menstruation, Iranians crushes raw pistachios with sugar and they add a little bit of Cardamom.
The use of this potion as a nutritious food can help increase the nutritional capacity of girls and women in food supplements.
14-Women with diabetes eat pistachios during pregnancy
Women who have diabetes at the time of pregnancy should have a special diet.
This kind of diabetes mostly appears during the pregnancy and Resolved with the birth of a baby.
women who have diabetes should not add more than 8 to 12 kilograms of weight, but a woman who has extra weight before pregnancy should have Too much control of the added weight and the minimum weight gain should be around 5 to 6 kg,
If a diabetic pregnant woman has a normal weight, she can use all types of fruits and vegetables throughout the day, but she should avoid the simple sugars that they eat in various foods, include milk and dairy foods in their breakfast, and cooked foods Avoid.
In fact, a good diet for gestational diabetes involves consuming healthy foods and avoiding fatty foods,too salty or full of sugar.
Also, this group of pregnant women is advised to incorporate a variety of fiber materials in their diet, and, in the other hand, minimize using of saturated fats and trans fatty acids, and instead use of beneficial unsaturated fats such as omega-3, omega-6, and Olive oil.
Importancy of pregnancy nutrition
Because of importancy of pregnancy period, proper nutrition during this period is important because of the baby’s growth and mother’s health, a pregnant mother who has GDM (Gestational diabetes mellitus) should be under the nutritionist’s supervision and using of a healthy diet.
According to research results in the recent issue of the American Heart Association, exposure to neurological stress and nervous pressure may increase blood glucose, and this increase is very severe in people with diabetes.
The consumption of raw pista in mothers with diabetes makes it possible to control their blood pressure and improve heart health.
The report says that taking two servings of salt-free pistachios per day can reduce vascular contractions and lower the heart’s pressure.
Diabetes is caused by the body’s disability to make or use insulin. Insulin is a substance produced by the pancreas and its main role is to use sugar as the largest source of energy for the body.
The grows rate of diabetes type 2 in the United States has doubled in the last decade, about 26 million American citizens now suffering from the disease.
Therefore, there is always a need for complementary and natural strategies to control and Inhibition of this disease.
Diabetes Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes. The body does not produce enough insulin, or the cells ignore the amount insulin they produced. diabetes Type 2 is mostly seen in people who working at night shift.
How to eat pistachios in pregnancy
If you do not have pistachio allergy in your family, you can put pistachios in your diet. Here are some ways you can try:
- You can add Iran pistachio in your favorite meal
- can put Iran pistachios in frozen yogurt, barley soup and milk and cereals and eat it as a breakfast.
- Even you can put crushed Iran pistachio with chicken breast in mixture of egg
- Also You can make delicious desserts with Iran pistachios and add to your diet
- A miracle called (GHOV’VATOO) as we mentioned there is a mixture of sugar, Iran pistachio and Cardamom combinations and it’s the best food for postpartum.
- It’s interesting to know that a transparent and yellow oil comes from Iran pistachio kernel extract, which is a nutritional and therapeutic value.Iran pistachio oil is an excellent moisturizer that is quickly absorbed by the skin and its really good for the face and body message
• Use of pistachio oil to heal surgical wounds.
• Takes skin rejuvenation and prevents it from wrinkling.
• This oil because of its rich vitamin E, protects the skin health and repairs the skin cells.
You should know this oil is a therapeutic aspect and its phosphorous increases its intelligence and memory, and its folic acid helps the development and development of the nervous system of the fetus.
Conceder Eating this oil also has a therapeutic effect, and its phosphorus helps to increase the intelligence and memory and its folic acid help to the development of the fetus nervous system.
Overtaking pistachios in pregnancy
Since excessive consumption of any type of food during pregnancy is harmful to the mother and the fetus in the uterus. So overgrowing pistachios and nuts will also be dangerous
Pregnant women should control daily eating pistachios and shouldn’t eat more than ten to twenty seeds because they may be harmful and talk to the doctor before taking nuts and ask them for their complications.
The reasons for avoiding Iran pistachios during pregnancy
- Iran Pistachios contain Fructose that make digestion difficult, causing diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain and bloating.
- salted Iranian pistachios have a large amount of sodium, which increases blood pressure and therefore it’s not desirable during pregnancy.
- If you are allergic to nuts, it’s best to avoid taking them during pregnancy. Learn more about pregnancy sensitivity. Anticardia acid is a chemical compound that exists in nuts It causes sensitization. Symptoms include itchy skin, shortness of breath, abdominal pain, nausea, and diarrhea.
- Excessive consumption of Iranian pistachios during pregnancy increases the risk of asthma and some respiratory disorders in newborns.In a study conducted by Dutch scientists, it was found that 50 percent of infants whose mothers consumed large amounts of nuts during pregnancy increased the risk of developing asthma.Children’s chest pains and shortness of breath can be a reason for this claim. So talk to your doctor before having nuts.
- Eating about 20 Iran pistachios a day is enough, and excess consumption is not recommended due to its excess calories and doctors advise women to use only 300 kcal per pregnancy to prevent overweight and obesity during pregnancy.
- Iran pistachio kernel is one of the rich sources of fatty acids, but it is not recommended for people with high levels of triglycerides. It is also not suitable for stomach because of the difficult digestion.
- It’s good to know that eating Iranian pistachios is harmful for people who have liver problems and whom are suffering from gout, diabetes and kidney disease.
In addition to Iran pistachio the other foods that pregnant women should avoid
- Avoid alcohol during pregnancy.Alcohol consumption is associated with preterm labor, subjective malnutrition, congenital defects and low birth weight.
- Restrict the consumption of caffeine to less than 300 mg per day
- using of (synthetic sugar) is strictly prohibited during pregnancy
- Reduce total fat intake to 30% or less than total daily calories. For example, a person who receives 2,000 kilos calories a day can consume 65 grams of fat or less per day.
- Limit your cholesterol to 300 mg or less per day
- Avoid using cheeses that are not pasteurized, they may cause infection. But you can use pasteurized and processed cheeses or yogurt.
- Avoid using raw seafood, especially shrimp.
Some problems during pregnancy
During pregnancy, you may have mild nausea, diarrhea or constipation. So consider these suggestions.
Eat some biscuits before you get out of the bed. Avoid high-fat and fried foods seriously.
Eat lots of fresh vegetables and fruits also consider to drink 6 or 8 glasses of water a day
Eat foods that contain fiber such as apple sauce, banana, white rice, barley flour, refined wheat bread, because they help to absorb water.
Drink milk before eating your meal. Reduce the consumption of drinks and foods containing caffeine.
Pistachio Ice cream
Don’t let this cold weather keep you away from having Iran pistachio ice cream.
the whole pint has only 240 calories and 20 gr protein.
All I can say is that it’s pretty yummy
Watch this short video to learn how to make this delicious desert
- One cup nun dairy milk
- One avocado
- 1 cup roasted, unshelled Iran’s pistachios
- 6 Medjool dates or 1cup Maple syrup
- 1/3 cup almond extract
- 1 spoon spirulina
Mix them all together and freeze it over the night
The question is why Avocado?
Avocado has many nutrients that your body needs. Avocados have more potassium than bananas, which is essential for muscle growth and organ function. About 30 grams of avocado can account for 8 percent of your body’s need for vitamin K per day, which makes blood clot. It also contains vitamins C, E, and antioxidants that will strengthen the immune system. Other nutrients found in avocados include folate, riboflavin, fiber, and vitamin B-6.
Healthy Fat for the Heart Almost every 30 grams of avocado has 4.5 grams of saturated fat. The American Heart Association says that this type of fat is essential for heart health, since it does not increase your LDL or bad cholesterol levels
And when you mix avocado with pistachio it will be unbelievable nutritive and tasty because pistachio has so many benefit for body and health
At the end we add some spirulina which Helps to reduce weight, prevent cancer, reduce cholesterol, fight fatigue or aging.
And if it’s hard for you to eat avocado alone u can make this healthy and delicious desert and eat it as a breakfast.
I strongly suggest you for having tastier Ice cream, use Iran pistachio in your ingredient because Iranian pistachios are the tastiest one, in the world
Hope you enjoy it
for buy Iranian pistachio please contact us.