How to grow pistachios?


Pistachios are kind of small and slow-growing trees from the cashew family. They are originated in middle-east and Asia. Historically it is believed that pistachios trees were grown in Iran for the first time. Iran is also one of the main producers and exporters of pistachio worldwide. Pistachio growing is kind of technical activity that need enough information to succeed in harvesting most and best crops. It is tried to give some technical information about pistachio growing in the present article.


Pistachio Growing Condition

Pistachio trees are kind of resistant plants. Their ideal growing conditions are as bellow:

  • Arid, semi-dried climate, not many plants can grow and tolerate this climate condition.
  • Sunny position low humidity, that is why pistachio is a desert plant.
  • well-drained soil, simply in this type of soil, water pooling and puddling is not needed because water drains at moderate rate.
  • Hot and dry regions which include long and hot summer and cold but not frigid winters, the ranging temperature is between −10 °C (14 °F) in winter and 48 °C (118 °F) in summer. Pistachios are drought-tolerant and they are resistant to hot weather.

Hiva Nuts

About Hiva Nuts

Welcome to Hiva Nuts, your premier destination for discovering the finest Iranian pistachios and dates. We’re dedicated to helping you find top-quality products effortlessly. Leveraging years of expertise, we’ve meticulously curated a selection of premium pistachios and dates, ensuring each item meets the highest standards of freshness and flavor. Join us as we delve into the unique qualities of these treats and explore how to Buy Iranian pistachio exporter and identify superior varieties. Whether you’re a seasoned enthusiast or new to pistachios and Buy Iranian dates, our website serves as your trusted resource for all things related to these delightful snacks.

Iran pistachios market

Commitment to International Standards

We offer a wide range of pistachios from different areas of Iran including Kerman, Damghan and Ghazvin. We have access to all fields of pistachios across our country. Our field staff is specialized in negotiating and finding the best pistachios available. You will be amazed by knowing how carefully we have selected our pistachios.

Thanks to our more than half-century of experience in Iranian nuts production, particularly in pistachio cultivation, we are able to sell our products directly to our customers without any intermediaries. Consequently, our customers enjoy a direct connection with our products, ensuring transparency and quality assurance throughout the process..

Our pistachios have the best quality. We happen to believe that the best way to run a business is straight forwardness. No gimmicks. No hidden facts.

Your Trusted Source for Quality and Freshness

Welcome to Hiva group , your premier destination for premium-quality pistachios and dates. With a heritage of excellence spanning these years, we take great pride in offering the finest selection of pistachios and dates sourced directly from our orchards in Iran. Our commitment to quality begins with the careful cultivation of our pistachio and date palms. We employ sustainable farming practices to ensure the health and vitality of our orchards, resulting in superior products that are bursting with flavor and nutrition.

When you order Iranian pistachios or Buy Iranian dates from us, you can rest assured that you are receiving the freshest and highest-quality products available. Each pistachio and date is handpicked at the peak of ripeness, then meticulously inspected to ensure optimal quality and flavor.

Browse our extensive selection of pistachio varieties, from the rich and buttery Akbari pistachios to the vibrant green kernels of our Qazvini variety. Explore our range of premium dates, including Medjool, Deglet Noor, and Zahidi, each offering its own unique taste and texture.

Placing an order with us is simple and convenient. Visit our website to browse our products, select your desired quantity, and choose your preferred delivery date. We offer flexible shipping options to accommodate your schedule, ensuring that your pistachios and dates arrive fresh and ready to enjoy.

For any questions or assistance with your order, our friendly and knowledgeable customer service team is here to help. We’re committed to delivering an exceptional shopping experience, ensuring you can confidently order your favorite pistachios and Buy Iranian dates.

Exporting pistachios to several countries!

We currently are exporting pistachio products to countries such as Canada, United Arab Emeritus, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Jordan, Syria and Yemen.

our outlook

Due to more than a half century experience in Iranian nuts OUR OUTLOOK is :
Quality, variety, honesty and integrity.

offering variety of pistachios!

We offer a variety of pistachios such as Fandoghi pistachios, Kaleh Ghouchi pistachios, Ahmad Aghai pistachios, Akbari pistachios and Badami pistachios


Pistachio Planting

Pistachios are born from seeds and choosing appropriate seed is essential in pistachio planting. The seeds have to be raw, not salted or roasted and specific species of pistachios should be used for planting. In Iran mostly small Badami type is used.

In the next step, selected seeds have to be placed in a bowl of water for one to two days at room temperature. Soaking them in water, they have to be covered by wet cotton bags in warm and humid place (20 to 30 degrees).

It takes around a week time that seeds begin to sprout. Then the strong sprouts would be transferred to garden. Now it is time to wait that sprouts begin to grow. They usually grow in the beginning of spring, when the weather becomes warmer. As soon as they appear on the ground, they are in danger of being eaten by animals, in order to protect them against animals, they should be covered by bushes. It should be mentioned that irrigation during this period of time is crucial. Every six to ten days they have to be watered

Pistachio growing


Pistachios Hybrid

Pistachio hybrid should be done after two years, which it includes some steps and each steps needs appropriate time and procedure.

At first, growers have to prepare trees for hybrid. They have to cut trees branches in winter while the plants are dormant. New branches appear in spring.

Grafting with new branches of other species have to be done in the beginning of summer. The type of pistachio species for grafting depends on the region and the land. Two more years’ time is needed that first crops grow but they are not suitable for commerce. Soil, water, and climate conditions are main factors for harvesting good crops.

In the ideal situation the best crops can be harvested in ten to fifteen years’ time. Pistachios like other nuts are alternate-bearing trees, so every alternate year heavy crops can be harvested. Winter is the appropriate time to apply fertilizer in pistachio orchards to encourage trees to grow. Both natural and chemical fertilizers can be used but in Iran mostly natural ones are used.

Pistachio pollination

Pistachios are dioecious plants, it means that there are two separate male and female trees. The trees flowers are wind-pollinated so spring and summer breezes carry pollen from male to female trees. So when growers want to plant seeds, they have to plant both male and female trees. In average, for every ten to fifteen female trees, one male one is needed.

Pistachio irrigation

As it was mentioned above, pistachios are resistant and drought-tolerant plants. Although they are resistant to hot and dry weather, irrigation is essential for good crops. The result of some studies indicates that irrigation practice causes increasing fruit yield and also suppressing periodicity, the low fruit yield in alternating years.

There are various methods of pistachio trees irrigation including: flume system, electric pumps or drop irrigation. Iran as one the oldest producers of pistachio in the world and also due to locating some deserts in Iran has a long history in water engineering. Extracting and transferring water from a long distance in desert was done by flume system, it was called Qanat in Iran and also it is still used by some growers. It was kind of advanced irrigation system that they may stretch around 90km long.

Although some growers are still using Qanat to irrigate their orchards, extracting water from deep wells by electric pumps is also using. Extracted water from wells by pumps and transfer it to the orchards by pipes is common in some regions too.

Drought and decreasing the level of underground water caused that some growers tend to use drop irrigation in Iran.

Irrigation timing is important in growing more crops. Scientifically it is recommended that 4 to 6 irrigation sessions are needed during the productive period. Young trees should be irrigated immediately after planting and 8 times during the first growing season. Growers usually trust their gained experiences for orchards irrigation.

They perfectly know the amount and the time of orchards irrigation. During blooming season and middle summer, maximum amount of water is needed, so every 24 days, pistachios orchards should be irrigated. During winter it should be done every 45 days as trees need less water and also it is raining season in Iran. Irrigation should be avoided two weeks before harvesting time due to more vulnerable fruits to Aflatoxin and insects. The possibility of occurrence of Aflatoxin usually goes up in high moisture.

pistachios trees

Pistachios life time

100 years’ life time is estimated for pistachios trees under suitable condition, it can reach to 300 years too. Seven to ten years is approximately required that trees reach production but peak production usually take 15 years.



This article tried to explain pistachio growing conditions in general. If you are interested in pistachio growing, you can grab some information, to get more details, you need to follow more scientific articles. Pistachios ideal growing condition, pollination, irrigation and life span were explained in the article. In the following article we are going to get more information about pistachios, in particular Iranian Pistachios.

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