Pistachio species and uses



Whenever anyone hears the name of pistachio, long or round dried nut comes to their mind. Recognizing different types and species is kind of hard for them. Even though there are many pistachio experts and business people who are earning money from pistachio business annually, but some of them may know about various species and benefits of them. In this article, it is tried to give some basic information about pistachio species and usages of each one and Iranian pistachio genera in particular.

Pistachio Genera and Species

The anacardiaceae family, also known as cashew family includes about 70 genera and over 600 species. “Pistacia” (scientific name of Pistachio) as a genus of flowering plants contains around 20 species and among them five are more popular, including: P.Vera, P.Atlantica, P.Terebinthus, P.Khinjuk and P.Terebinthus.

the specifications of genus “pistacia” species include: being evergreen and deciduous resin-bearing bushes, also xerophytic trees which grow to 10 m tall.

Among these wide varieties of species, three of them are naturally in Iran: P.Vera, P.Khinjuk stocks, and P.Atlantica Desf. P.Atlantica includes three sub spices and P.Vera is the only genus which has commercial use  in huge amount. Rootstock for P.Vera is mostly from the other species.

Hiva Nuts

About Hiva Nuts

Welcome to Hiva Nuts, your premier destination for discovering the finest Iranian pistachios and dates. We’re dedicated to helping you find top-quality products effortlessly. Leveraging years of expertise, we’ve meticulously curated a selection of premium pistachios and dates, ensuring each item meets the highest standards of freshness and flavor. Join us as we delve into the unique qualities of these treats and explore how to Buy Iranian pistachio exporter and identify superior varieties. Whether you’re a seasoned enthusiast or new to pistachios and Buy Iranian dates, our website serves as your trusted resource for all things related to these delightful snacks.

Iran pistachios market

Commitment to International Standards

We offer a wide range of pistachios from different areas of Iran including Kerman, Damghan and Ghazvin. We have access to all fields of pistachios across our country. Our field staff is specialized in negotiating and finding the best pistachios available. You will be amazed by knowing how carefully we have selected our pistachios.

Thanks to our more than half-century of experience in Iranian nuts production, particularly in pistachio cultivation, we are able to sell our products directly to our customers without any intermediaries. Consequently, our customers enjoy a direct connection with our products, ensuring transparency and quality assurance throughout the process..

Our pistachios have the best quality. We happen to believe that the best way to run a business is straight forwardness. No gimmicks. No hidden facts.

Your Trusted Source for Quality and Freshness

Welcome to Hiva group , your premier destination for premium-quality pistachios and dates. With a heritage of excellence spanning these years, we take great pride in offering the finest selection of pistachios and dates sourced directly from our orchards in Iran. Our commitment to quality begins with the careful cultivation of our pistachio and date palms. We employ sustainable farming practices to ensure the health and vitality of our orchards, resulting in superior products that are bursting with flavor and nutrition.

When you order Iranian pistachios or Buy Iranian dates from us, you can rest assured that you are receiving the freshest and highest-quality products available. Each pistachio and date is handpicked at the peak of ripeness, then meticulously inspected to ensure optimal quality and flavor.

Browse our extensive selection of pistachio varieties, from the rich and buttery Akbari pistachios to the vibrant green kernels of our Qazvini variety. Explore our range of premium dates, including Medjool, Deglet Noor, and Zahidi, each offering its own unique taste and texture.

Placing an order with us is simple and convenient. Visit our website to browse our products, select your desired quantity, and choose your preferred delivery date. We offer flexible shipping options to accommodate your schedule, ensuring that your pistachios and dates arrive fresh and ready to enjoy.

For any questions or assistance with your order, our friendly and knowledgeable customer service team is here to help. We’re committed to delivering an exceptional shopping experience, ensuring you can confidently order your favorite pistachios and Buy Iranian dates.

Exporting pistachios to several countries!

We currently are exporting pistachio products to countries such as Canada, United Arab Emeritus, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Jordan, Syria and Yemen.

our outlook

Due to more than a half century experience in Iranian nuts OUR OUTLOOK is :
Quality, variety, honesty and integrity.

offering variety of pistachios!

We offer a variety of pistachios such as Fandoghi pistachios, Kaleh Ghouchi pistachios, Ahmad Aghai pistachios, Akbari pistachios and Badami pistachios


Parts of Tree and Their Benefits

Each tree includes different parts that all are useful. Fruit, leaves, resin and aerial part are different parts of pistachio plants and each one can be used for various purposes. Lots of studies have ever been done to prove the benefits of pistachio fruits in particular and also other parts. Usages of these species in different fields have been considered in scientific studies.

Nowadays they are hugely used in traditional medicine, pharmacological activities, hepatoprotectives activities and also beneficial effects in gestrointemical disorders. As an example, mastic also called as Arabic and Yemen gum, is obtained from the mastic tree, devoted to the resin of P.Lentiscus. It is an example of pharmacological activity.

Food industry is also a main field of using these species. Food additive are mostly consumed from P.vera nuts. To make coffee-like drinks or snack food, P.terebinthus fruits are used and also food colorants are made of P.Lentiscus species fruit.

Traditional uses

As it was mentioned above, different plant parts are used for different purposes. Not only the purpose depends on parts of plants, but also its region is essential too.

P.lentiscus as the most common species grow in different regions. Based on statistic, its resin is used in medicine for variety of treatment. It is mostly used in Iran as breath deodorizer, and gastrointestinal ailments, Gum tissue strengthener, brain and liver tonic. It is also proved that that resin of P.lentiscus has been used for around 5000 years.

In case of P.atlantica, it is reported that different parts of it, specifically resin, are hugely using in Iran as a treatment for kidney disease, digestive and hepatic.

Its fruit is utilized in Iran as Antidiarrheal, its aerial part in Veterinary, and its resin as a treatment of huge number of health problem including: stomach, liver and kidneys tonic, appetizer, phlegm dissolver, mouth freshener, antiseptic, gastrointestinal disorders, Peptic ulcer, gum tissue strengthener, as chewing gum, astringent, laxative, demulcent, diuretic, emmenagogue, carminative, visceral inflammation, scabies, stomach, gastrointestinal disorders, and motion sickness.

Different parts of P.terebinthus species are using in some countries such as Greece, Iran, Jordan, turkey and Spain. The smoke of its resin is usually used as air antiseptic and purifier in Iran. Pistachio fruit which is used all over the world is P.Vera species fruit.

It used cultivated and commercially traded in Mediterranean countries such as Turkey, Syria, Spain, Italy, in Middle East including Iran, and Afghanistan, and United States. Iranians are used to consuming different parts of P.khinjuk,P.Vera, P.lentiscus, P.atlantica and P.terebintus as a traditional treatment and remedy, as an example The P.Vera nut shell is mostly used in Iran as Sedative, tonic and antidiarrheal, and its fruit as food.

Areal part of P.khinjuk has veterinary use. Brain and gastrointestinal disorders alongside wound healing can be treated by the gum resin of P. terebinthus, P. lentiscus, P. khinjuk, and P. atlantica.  Except P.Vera fruit, the other species fruit are used as a liver, heart, kidney and respiratory system disorders remedy and P.vera fruit kernel is utilized as brain, stomach, cardiac and hepatic tonic. Also Iran is the second biggest exporters and producers of Pistachio nut in the world. Historical reports indicate that pistachio was firstly used as a food around 7000 B.C.

Phytochemical analyses

Phytochemical analyses of pistachio species identified different compounds. One of the main constituent of various part of pistachio is essential oil. It is driven from different parts including twigs, galls, flowers, ripe and unripe fruit, resin, leaves and leaf-buds. The content of essential oil is varied in quality and quantity.

What makes differences between them depends on various items including time of harvesting, climate condition, geographical origin, species of plant and its part, and sex of cultivars. There are around 63 compounds with the structure of Monoterpenoids, sesquiterpenoids, and volatile oil based on the plant part and species.

Traditional appliance of mentioned species is also proved by phytochemical studies. Among all formation of essential oil, triterpenes found in resin and also monoterpens are the most plentiful composition which are driven from different parts of given species.

To find different chemotypes of pistachio, some chemotaxonomic markers can be used, which essential oil components might be worthful. therapeutic results of isolated part are proved and as a result terpenoids including mono, di-, and triterpenoids have anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects. Effective antioxidant and anticancer activities are also associated with the high amount of flavonoids and phenols.

The genus Pistacia L found as a great source of medicinally molecules scientifically based on pharmacological studies on some pure metabolites, crude plant part and extracts.

P. atlantica, P. vera, P. terebinthus and P. khinjuk. And in particular P. lentiscus were used as studied species to investigate their antioxidant effects. The results show anthocyanins, flavonoids and other phenolic compounds have preventive results on treatment of cancer and cardiovascular diseases.

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